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UN Security Council adopts a cease-fire resolution aimed at ending Israel-Hamas war in Gaza

๐ŸŒˆ Abstract

The article discusses the United Nations Security Council's approval of a resolution endorsing a ceasefire plan aimed at ending the eight-month war between Israel and Hamas in Gaza.

๐Ÿ™‹ Q&A

[01] UN Security Council Resolution

1. What did the UN Security Council resolution do?

  • The resolution overwhelmingly approved a ceasefire plan aimed at ending the war between Israel and Hamas in Gaza.
  • The resolution calls on Israel and Hamas to fully implement the ceasefire plan without delay and without condition.
  • The resolution puts added pressure on both parties to approve the ceasefire proposal.

2. What were the key details of the ceasefire plan?

  • The plan has three phases:
    • Phase 1: Initial 6-month ceasefire, release of hostages in exchange for Palestinian prisoners, withdrawal of Israeli forces from Gaza, and large-scale humanitarian aid delivery.
    • Phase 2: Permanent end to hostilities, release of all remaining hostages, and full withdrawal of Israeli forces from Gaza.
    • Phase 3: Major multi-year reconstruction plan for Gaza and return of remains of deceased hostages.

3. What were the reactions of the different parties?

  • Hamas said it welcomed the resolution and was ready to work with mediators to implement it, but stressed it would continue its struggle against Israeli occupation.
  • Israel did not directly mention the resolution, stating its position is unwavering to continue until Hamas' capabilities are dismantled.
  • The U.S. reiterated that Israel has accepted the ceasefire deal, and urged Hamas to do the same.
  • Russia abstained, citing lack of clarity on the details of the three-phase plan and Israel's agreement.
  • Algeria, as the Arab representative, said the resolution offers a "glimmer of hope" to end the aggression against Palestinians.

[02] Impact of the War

1. What were the impacts of the war on the Palestinian side?

  • The war has killed over 36,700 Palestinians and wounded over 83,000 others.
  • It has also destroyed about 80% of Gaza's buildings.

2. What were the impacts on the Israeli side?

  • The war was sparked by a Hamas attack in southern Israel that killed about 1,200 people, mainly Israeli civilians, and took about 250 hostages, with 43 pronounced dead and 120 still remaining.

3. What were the previous attempts at a ceasefire?

  • The Security Council had previously adopted a resolution on March 25 demanding a humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza during Ramadan, but there was no halt to the war.
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